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Resources: FGM

Women and Islam: Religion, Tradition, or Simply Human Rights?

Dr. Prof. Valentina Colombo, Academic Researcher on Arab Women's Role in Democratization Processes in the Middle East - European University of Rome


No Justice in Justifications: Violence Against Women in the Name of Culture, Religion and Tradition

March, 2010
Shaina Grieff

English |  Français 

This briefing presents a survey of culturally justified violence against women, including how violence against women is justified by 'culture', the different forms this violence can take, and recommendations for change. The SKSW Campaign is undertaking projects on 'culture', women and violence, with partners in Senegal, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Indonesia, Iran, and Sudan.

Ending Female Genital Mutilation - A Strategy for the European Union Institutions

Amnesty International

Ending Female Genital Mutilation - A Strategy for the European Union Institutions

Three million girls and women are subjected to female genital mutilation worldwide each year. That's 8000 girls per day.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a form of violence against women and children that can amount to torture.

The practice violates:

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends

Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs and Donna Clifton

Download "Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends:

An estimated 100 million to 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the African continent alone.

Fact Sheet No.23, Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

Traditional cultural practices reflect values and beliefs held by members of a community for periods often spanning generations. Every social grouping in the world has specific traditional cultural practices and beliefs, some of which are beneficial to all members, while others are harmful to a specific group, such as women.

Gender, Sexuality and the Criminal Laws in the Middle East and North Africa: A Comparative Study

February, 2005
Dr. Sherifa Zuhur, Women for Women's Human Rights--NEW WAYS

This study outlines key beliefs and principles that defined the course of legal approaches to issues affecting women in the Middle East and North Africa. Such topics include rape, adultery, honor killings, battery and wife-beating, murder, abortion, infanticide (where abortion is unavailable), sex trafficking, sex work, sexual abuse, incest, homosexuality, transsexuality, and FGM.